Magnolia Flag of the State of Mississippi 1861 – 1865
History of the Mississippi Republic Flag
The Bonnie Blue Flag, which consisted simply of a blue background with a large white star in the center, became the national flag of the Republic of West Florida after the settlers in the region rebelled against Spain in 1810. The area included what is now the southernmost portions of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana with the Mississippi River serving as the western border, the 31st parallel on the north, and the Perdido River as the eastern boundary with the Gulf of Mexico to the south. The republic existed for only a brief period as it was annexed by the U.S. on October 27th, 1810, as the result of a proclamation issued by President James Madison claiming the territory for the United States. The Bonnie Blue Flag reappeared in Mississippi in early 1861 when on January 9th it became the second state to secede from the United States. Other secession states also used the Bonnie Blue Flag as a symbol of Southern independence. When the State of Mississippi joined the Confederacy, a committee was assigned to design and create a state flag. The Magnolia flag, also known as the Mississippi Republic Flag was subsequently adopted. The design featured a Magnolia Tree against a white background and a small version of the Bonnie Blue Flag in the upper hoist-end corner. From statehood in 1817 to secession in 1861, Mississippi had no state flag. The Mississippi Republic Flag served as the state’s flag throughout the Civil War but after the war, a constitutional convention in Jackson revoked and repealed all acts of secession (including the adoption of the Mississippi Republic Flag in 1861), thus leaving Mississippi without an official flag again. In 1894, Mississippi’s governor, who was a Confederate veteran, called on the state legislature to design and adopt a new state flag. The 1894 design consisted of three horizontal bars of blue, white, and red from top to bottom and a Confederate battle flag in the top hoist-end corner. The 1894 design served as the state’s flag until January 11th, 2021 when it was replaced by the current design featuring a Magnolia blossom encircled by (21) five-pointed stars with the words “In God We Trust” rounding out the bottom of the circle, all against a blue background flanked by a vertical red and gold stripe on either side of the blue background.
This is a reproduction of the Mississippi Republic Magnolia flag. It is designed to look like the flags would have appeared during the Civil War. There were several flags of different sizes and shapes displayed at various locations across the state. The actual dimensions and materials are not necessarily the same as any of the original flags. The artwork is visible on both sides.
- One solid piece of printed, hemmed fabric
- Lightweight, 100-denier polyester that will fly nicely in the slightest breeze.
- Bright colors
- 4 rows of stitching on the fly end to prevent premature fraying
- Reinforced header with brass grommets
- Flag size: 3′ x 5′