Dabney Herndon Maury Headquarters Flag – Indoor Cotton
Dabney Herndon Maury was born in Fredericksburg, VA, May 21st 1822 and grew up there. He graduated from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville in 1841with a law degree. Maury entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1842 and graduated in 1846 along with George McClellan, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson and George Pickett. He also became friends with Ulysses S. Grant and A.P. Hill who attended the academy during that time, but did not graduate in the same class. Upon graduating West Point, Maury was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in the United States Army Mounted Rifles. When war with Mexico began, he was sent to Mexico where he was badly wounded in Cerro Gordo, near Vera Cruz in April 1847. After recovering at his home in Fredericksburg, Maury was ordered to West Point, where he spent the next for years as an instructor there. In 1852 Maury was assigned back with the Mounted Rifles and ordered to the Texas frontier. Before heading west to participate in the Indian wars, Dabney Maury married Miss Annie Rose Mason, daughter of a wealthy land owner and attorney. Annie accompanied Dabney on his frontier assignment, sharing the hardships that went along with life on the frontier. In 1858, Maury was appointed superintendent of the army’s cavalry school at Carlisle Barracks in Pennsylvania, where he authored “Tactics for Mounted Rifles” in 1859 which was still in use at the time of his death 41 years later.
Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Maury resigned from the US Army and was commissioned a Captain in the Confederate Army where he was assigned to the Army of Fredrickburg and shortly thereafter was promoted to colonel and became Chief of Staff of the Trans Mississippi Department. After his performance at the battle of Pea Ridge, Maury was promoted to Brigadier General. At the battle of Iuka in Mississippi, Union General William Rosecrans sent a message: “Tell [General] Maury … I never used to think when I taught him, a little, curly-headed boy at West Point, that he would ever trouble me as he has today.” After participating in much of the fighting around Vicksburg, he was promoted to Major General and after briefly commanding the department of East Tennessee, he was assigned to Mobile Alabama in July of 1863, where he took command of the Department of the Gulf. Major General Maury earned a reputation for his fierceness and tenacity in defending the crucial port of Mobile which did not fall until April of 1865.
With the war at its end, the career military man, Dabney Maury, with no career and no military pension and his only property being his horse, “Roy”, he returned to his home in Virginia where his wife and children awaited. As a gesture of kindness, Union General Burnside who served as a groomsman at Maury’s wedding ensured that the Maurys’ home was not destroyed. Maury started a school in Fredericksburg, then worked as an express agent in New Orleans. In 1869 he co-founded the Southern Historical Society, which was an organization that compiled and preserved manuscripts of the wartime South. He became a mediator among his former colleagues and Confederate leaders, sorting out the different accounts of various battles and engagements. These works offered the basis for the “Lost Cause” view of the war. In February 1876, Annie Mason Maury died and in 1878 Dabney began the movement to reorganize the National Militia, which is the present day National Guard. President Grover Cleveland appointed Maury as Minister to Colombia in 1888, where he served 2 years and wrote in his memoirs “this most beautiful and fruitful of all the regions of the earth” recounting his service in Colombia. Unlike many Civil War generals, Maury maintained an even handed approach to his discussions of the war, claiming neither that the south was right or wrong, but simply explaining his loyalties and the loyalties of others lying with their home states as a matter of Honor. Maury also maintained cordial relationships with the men with whom he had become acquainted at West Point, both Confederate and Union. On January 11th, 1900, Dabney Herndon Maury died in Peoria IL and was laid to rest in Fredericksburg beside his wife and mother.
History of the flag
The flag was made for and presented to Major General Maury by a group of women in Mobile Alabama. Featuring a Christian theme with its prominent, white Cross against the rich, red background, the flag was flown at the general’s headquarters during his time as commander of the District of the Gulf in Mobile.
Cotton flags feature a very heavy, luxurious look and feel. They are commonly used indoors because of their old world, hand crafted appearance but can also be flown outside, although they are not very durable or fade resistant with prolonged exposure to the outdoor elements. Cotton flags are also suitable for framing and hanging indoors.
- Heavy, soft cotton fabric
- Sewn panels with an appliqued Cross and embroidered stars
- Heavy canvas header with brass grommets
- 4 rows of stitching on the fly end to prevent premature fraying
- Flag size 3′ x 5′