37th Arkansas Infantry Battle Flag
The 37th Arkansas Infantry was raised in Pope county Arkansas between March and June 1862 and was mustered into service on June, 6th 1862 as the 29th Arkansas Infantry and attached to the Department of the Trans-Mississippi. On November 15th, 1862 they were moved to Massard Prarie along with several other Arkansas infantry regiments for drills and to organize divisions. They were brigaded with the 34th, 35th, and 39th Arkansas regiments. On December 7th, 1862 The 1st Corps of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi engaged with the Union Army of the Frontier in the Battle of Prarie Grove. After a series of unsuccessful attacks and counter-attacks, both sides withdrew from the field in an inconclusive result, however, because the Confederate forces were unable to be reinforced, the Union forces were left in control of Northwestern Arkansas. After the Battle of Prarie Grove, the 1st Corps of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi was reorganized and new muster rolls were sent to the war department in Richmond. Thinking that the muster rolls were for new regiments, new numerical designations were assigned, which is how the 29th Arkansas was redesignated as the 37th. On July 4th, 1863, the 37th Arkansas participated in an attack on the Union Post at Helena Arkansas known as the Battle of Helena where because of unclear orders and uncoordinated attacks on the Union position by two separate Confederate regiments. As a result, a large number of the 37th were cut off and captured along with both of their battle flags. Casualties for the 37th Arkansas that day were 222. 14 killed, 17 wounded, and 191 missing/captured. Many of the captured men died while in captivity. The 37th Arkansas Infantry also participated in the Battle of Littlerock, The Red River Campaign which included the Camden Expedition, and the Battle of Jenkins Ferry. On May 26th, 1865, General Kirby Smith surrendered the Army of the Trans-Mississippi and the men were ordered to Shreveport Louisiana to be paroled. By this time, most of the Arkansas regiments were encamped just outside Marshall, Texas because their home state had become so war-torn that an Army wasn’t able to subsist. After the surrender, with very few exceptions, the Arkansas regiments simply disbanded and went home not reporting to Shreveport or formally surrendering. There were two flags that were captured at Helena. One was a standard “Polk Battle Flag” which was carried by many infantry and cavalry regiments in the Army of Trans-Mississippi, and the second was a 1st National style flag with a circle of twelve 8-pointed stars and the words “In God We Trust” printed in the white bar.
This is a reproduction of the 37th Arkansas Infantry flag. The actual dimensions are not exactly the same as the original flag. The artwork is visible on both sides. The lettering reads right on one side only.
- One solid piece of printed, hemmed fabric
- Lightweight, 100-denier polyester that will fly nicely in the slightest breeze.
- Bright colors
- 4 rows of stitching on the fly end to prevent premature fraying
- Reinforced header with brass grommets
- Flag size: 3′ x 5′