Locke’s Regiment 10th Texas Cavalry Heavy Sewn Cotton 2×3 Battle Flag
First National style battle flag of the 10th Texas Cavalry. This flag is a small version reproduction and is designed to look as much like the original flag that was carried into battle by the 10th Texas as possible. This flag features fifteen appliqued stars that are outlined with heavy embroidery. The eleven white stars arranged in a circular pattern represent the eleven secessionist states with one larger star in the center representing Texas, while the four red stars are arranged in the four corners of the canton and represent four of the five civilized Indian tribes that sided with the Confederacy. It is unknown why the Seminole tribe is not represented on this flag. All lettering is embroidered and visible on both sides of the flag but readable from one side only. Made of heavyweight, cotton fabric.
Cotton flags feature a very heavy, luxurious look and feel. They are commonly used indoors because of their old-world, hand-crafted appearance but can also be flown outside for parades and special events, although they are not very durable or fade resistant with prolonged exposure to the outdoor elements. Cotton flags are also suitable for tea staining and/or framing and hanging indoors.
- Heavy, soft cotton fabric
- Fully sewn construction
- Heavy canvas header with three brass grommets
- 4 rows of stitching on the fly end
- Flag size: 2’x3′
History of the 10th Texas Cavalry
Organized from late summer thru early fall of 1861, recruiting men from the East Texas counties of Cherokee, Harrison, Wood, Upshur, Smith, Rusk, Panola, and Van Zandt, the roughly 900 men were organized into ten companies and mustered into the Confederate army in October of 1861. Its 1st commanding officer was Colonel Matthew F Locke. For the first few months of the war, the Tenth served west of the Mississippi River as part of the Department of Texas. In April of 1862, the Tenth was ordered to dismount and sent east of the Mississippi River. The order to dismount was very much opposed, but the only other choice was to disband. The men agreed to dismount rather than abandon the service pledged to their country, but were still considered a cavalry regiment and continued to draw cavalry wages and their horses were sent home. The first significant action experienced by the Tenth was at Corinth, Mississippi, where they served as support against the advancing Union forces on that city. In August 1862, the Tenth went on to fight in the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and White’s Farm. In November 1862 they participated in operations against the Union advance on Murfreesboro, Tennessee, and the battle of Stone’s River where they suffered 34% casualties. The Tenth Texas Cavalry was included in the roll of honor, which was published to honor heroism at Stones river and ten individual members were mentioned on that roll. In March of 1863, colonel Locke resigned because of injuries sustained at Stone’s River, and lieutenant colonel Cullen R Earp was promoted to commander. In August and September, the 10th served in middle Tennessee where it protected the passage through the Cumberland Mountains, and on September 19th, 1863, played a key role in Confederate victory at Chickamauga. After the battle of Chickamauga, the Tenth Cavalry was engaged in the siege of Chattanooga as well as the assault and capture of Missionary Ridge on November 24 and 25. The regiment also fought against William Sherman’s army in the Meridian campaign and served in defense against the siege of Atlanta which included Pumpkin Vine Creek and the battles of Dallas, New Hope Church, and Allatoona Hills. While Union troops converged on Atlanta, the Tenth fought at Pine Hill, Lost Mountain, and Kennesaw Mountain. As of July 1864, the Tenth was still defending Atlanta while operating along Nickajack Creek as well as the Chattahoochee River. On July 22, they fought in the battle of Atlanta. Subsequent to the fall of the city of Atlanta, the Tenth Cavalry was assigned to Hood’s Texas Brigade in Northern Georgia and Alabama where they were exposed to extremely harsh winter conditions. In December of 1864, they were sent to Tennessee, where they participated in the battle of Nashville as well as skirmishes around Columbia and Sugar Creek. In March and April 1865, the Tenth took part in the defense of Mobile Alabama until they were evacuated and subsequently surrendered at Citronelle, Alabama May 4th, 1865 along with several other Confederate troops. This was the last significant Confederate force east of the Mississippi river to surrender. There were very few men still serving in the Tenth Texas Cavalry at that time they surrendered. They were subsequently paroled at Meridian Mississippi.